Ottumwa, IA

Census Place

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2022 Population
25,359
0.0788% 1-year decline
2022 Median Age
36.7
2.65% 1-year decrease
2022 Poverty Rate
19%
18.8% 1-year increase
2022 Median Household Income
$53,085
10.1% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$88,800
15.3% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
12,129
2.26% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Ottumwa, IA had a population of 25.4k people with a median age of 36.7 and a median household income of $53,085. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Ottumwa, IA declined from 25,379 to 25,359, a −0.0788% decrease and its median household income grew from $48,198 to $53,085, a 10.1% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Ottumwa, IA are White (Non-Hispanic) (73.7%), White (Hispanic) (7.87%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (4.08%), Other (Hispanic) (3.75%), and Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (3.33%).

None of the households in Ottumwa, IA reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

93.6% of the residents in Ottumwa, IA are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Ottumwa, IA are Indian Hills Community College (735 degrees awarded in 2022).

In 2022, the median property value in Ottumwa, IA was $88,800, and the homeownership rate was 58.9%.

Most people in Ottumwa, IA drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 17.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Ottumwa, IA was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Ottumwa, IA is home to a population of 25.4k people, from which 93.6% are citizens. As of 2022, 10.6% of Ottumwa, IA residents were born outside of the country (2.69k people).

In 2022, there were 9.36 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (18.7k people) in Ottumwa, IA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2k White (Hispanic) and 1.03k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

93.6%
2022 Citizenship
94.9%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 93.6% of Ottumwa, IA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Ottumwa, IA was 94.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Ottumwa, IA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Ottumwa, IA
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    18.7k ± 295
  2. White (Hispanic)
    2k ± 407
  3. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    1.03k ± 178
14.9%
Hispanic Population
3.78k people

In 2022, there were 9.36 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (18.7k people) in Ottumwa, IA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2k White (Hispanic) and 1.03k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

14.9% of the people in Ottumwa, IA are hispanic (3.78k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Ottumwa, IA as a share of the total population.

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Foreign-Born Population

10.6%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
2.69k people
9.7%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
2.46k people

As of 2022, 10.6% of Ottumwa, IA residents (2.69k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Ottumwa, IA was 9.7%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Ottumwa, IA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    347 ± 107
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    298 ± 153
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    149 ± 106

Ottumwa, IA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.16 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Ottumwa, IA employs 12.1k people. The largest industries in Ottumwa, IA are Manufacturing (3,175 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,842 people), and Retail Trade (1,718 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($88,594), Public Administration ($63,603), and Educational Services ($55,168).

Occupations

12.1k
2022 Value
± 798
2.26%
1 Year growth
± 9.09%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Ottumwa, IA grew at a rate of 2.26%, from 11.9k employees to 12.1k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Ottumwa, IA, are Production Occupations (1,899 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,199 people), and Material Moving Occupations (1,032 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Ottumwa, IA.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in the United States (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

12.1k
2022 Value
± 798
2.26%
1 Year growth
± 9.09%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Ottumwa, IA grew at a rate of 2.26%, from 11.9k employees to 12.1k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Ottumwa, IA, are Manufacturing (3,175 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,842 people), and Retail Trade (1,718 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Ottumwa, IA, though some of these residents may live in Ottumwa, IA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$43,361
Median earning men ± $3,024
$34,671
Median earning women ± $3,009

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Public Administration ($67,266), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($61,625), and Manufacturing ($53,829).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Public Administration ($52,222), Construction ($46,719), and Wholesale Trade ($46,458).

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Civics

are the senators currently representing the state of the United States. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, and Wyoming is currently represented by 435 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from the United States

Senator from N/AN/A
  1. N/AN/A
    N/A
  2. N/AN/A
    N/A

are the senators currently representing the United States.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in the United States over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, and Wyoming

Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, and Wyoming is currently represented by 435 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, and Wyoming have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Ottumwa, IA awarded 735 degrees. The student population of Ottumwa, IA in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 1,566 male students and 1,795 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Ottumwa, IA are White (561 and 78.9%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (51 and 7.17%), Black or African American (41 and 5.77%), and Two or More Races (25 and 3.52%).

The largest universities in Ottumwa, IA by number of degrees awarded are Indian Hills Community College (735 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Ottumwa, IA are Liberal Arts & Sciences (236 and 32.1%), Welding Technology (60 and 8.16%), and Registered Nursing (34 and 4.63%).

Enrollments by Gender and Races

In 2022 there were 3,361 students enrolled in Ottumwa, IA, 46.6% men and 53.4% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 2,614 records, of which 54.9% were women and 45.1% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 236 degrees awarded
  2. 26 degrees awarded
  3. 23 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Ottumwa, IA was Liberal Arts & Sciences with 236 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Ottumwa, IA according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
735 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Indian Hills Community College with 735 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

In 2022, 319 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Ottumwa, IA, which is 0.767 times less than the 416 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 561 degrees mean that there were 11 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 51 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Public, 2-year ($4,680) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($1,512) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.
Measure

In 2022, 0.66% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.685% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (751k), Some college (564k), and Bachelors Degree (469k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Ottumwa, IA was $88,800 in 2022, which is 0.315 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $77,000 to $88,800, a 15.3% increase. The homeownership rate in Ottumwa, IA is 58.9%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Ottumwa, IA have an average commute time of 17.5 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Ottumwa, IA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Ottumwa, IA is $53,085. In 2022, the place with the highest median household income in Ottumwa, IA was Census Tract 9603 with a value of $75,996, followed by Census Tract 9611 and Census Tract 9608, with respective values of $59,028 and $58,425.

Property

$88,800
Median Property Value 2022
±$4,282
$6,013
Median Property Taxes
±$489

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Ottumwa, IA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Ottumwa, IA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

58.9%
Homeownership
2022
59.3%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 58.9% of the housing units in Ottumwa, IA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 61.2%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Ottumwa, IA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 9603
  2. Census Tract 9611
  3. Census Tract 9608

In 2022, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Ottumwa, IA was Census Tract 9603 with a value of $75,996, followed by Census Tract 9611 and Census Tract 9608, with respective values of $59,028 and $58,425.

The following map shows all of the places in Ottumwa, IA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$53,085
Median Household Income
± $3,205
10.2k
Number of Households
± 720

In 2022, the median household income of the 10.2k households in Ottumwa, IA grew to $53,085 from the previous year's value of $48,198.

The following chart displays the households in Ottumwa, IA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Ottumwa, IA is from Ottumwa, IA.
N/A Wage GINI in N/A
  1. N/A
  2. N/A

In N/A, the income inequality in N/A was N/A according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a N/A N/A from N/A to N/A, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat N/A even. The GINI for N/A was N/A than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed N/A evenly in N/A in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Ottumwa, IA across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (79.7%)
  2. Carpooled (13.2%)
  3. Worked At Home (3.34%)

In 2022, 79.7% of workers in Ottumwa, IA drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (13.2%) and those who worked at home (3.34%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

17.5 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Ottumwa, IA have a shorter commute time (17.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.6% of the workforce in Ottumwa, IA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Ottumwa, IA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Ottumwa, IA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Ottumwa, IA have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

19% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Ottumwa, IA (4.67k out of 24.6k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 6 - 11 and then Males 25 - 34.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Ottumwa, IA is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

93.1% of the population of Ottumwa, IA has health coverage, with 43.4% on employee plans, 24.8% on Medicaid, 10.6% on Medicare, 13% on non-group plans, and 1.25% on military or VA plans.

Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 25.8% under 18 years, 22.7% between 18 and 34 years, 36.9% between 35 and 64 years, and 14.6% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 49% were men and 51% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

6.9%
Uninsured
43.4%
Employer Coverage
24.8%
Medicaid
10.6%
Medicare
13%
Non-Group
1.25%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Ottumwa, IA grew by 5.67% from 6.53% to 6.9%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Ottumwa, IA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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