Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2022 Population
138,647
1.07% 1-year growth
US Senator
Bob Casey Jr.
Democratic Party
US Senator
John Fetterman
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
43.2
1.17% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
7.04%
7.43% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$88,291
9.72% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$273,200
15.6% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
68,305
1.5% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA had a population of 139k people with a median age of 43.2 and a median household income of $88,291. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA grew from 137,177 to 138,647, a 1.07% increase and its median household income grew from $80,469 to $88,291, a 9.72% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA are White (Non-Hispanic) (80%), White (Hispanic) (4.7%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (3.92%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (2.77%), and Other (Hispanic) (2.7%).

11.9% of the households in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

98% of the residents in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA are Millersville University of Pennsylvania (1,782 degrees awarded in 2022), Lancaster Bible College (512 degrees), and Empire Beauty School-Lancaster (30 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA was $273,200, and the homeownership rate was 74.7%.

Most people in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 23.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA is home to a population of 139k people, from which 98% are citizens. As of 2022, 6.06% of Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA residents were born outside of the country (8.4k people).

In 2022, there were 17 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (111k people) in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 6.51k White (Hispanic) and 5.44k Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA are Spanish (7,382 households), Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages (1,292 households), and Vietnamese (1,277 households).

Residents by Gender and Age

RACE/ETHNICITY
71,093
Women
51.4%
67,154
Men
48.6%

The resident population of United States in 2022 was 138,247 inhabitants, with 48.6% men, and 51.4% women.

The visualization shows the distribution of the residents by gender and age in the United States.

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Citizenship

98%
2022 Citizenship
97.9%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 98% of Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA was 97.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    111k ± 1.85k
  2. White (Hispanic)
    6.51k ± 919
  3. Asian (Non-Hispanic)
    5.44k ± 745
10.1%
Hispanic Population
14k people

In 2022, there were 17 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (111k people) in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 6.51k White (Hispanic) and 5.44k Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

10.1% of the people in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA are hispanic (14k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. Vietnam
    1,508 ± 948 people
  2. Mexico
    558 ± 579 people
  3. China
    467 ± 530 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA was Vietnam, the natal country of 1,508 Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA residents, followed by Mexico with 558 and China with 467.

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Foreign-Born Population

6.06%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
8.4k people
6.36%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
8.72k people

As of 2022, 6.06% of Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA residents (8.4k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA was 6.36%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    7,382 households (5.6%)
  2. Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages
    1,292 households (0.98%)
  3. Vietnamese
    1,277 households (0.968%)

11.9% of the households in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is lower than the national average of 21.7%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2022, the most common non-English language spoken in households in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA was Spanish. 5.6% of the households in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    3,051 ± 465
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    1,063 ± 244
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,057 ± 245

Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.87 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA employs 68.3k people. The largest industries in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA are Elementary & secondary schools (4,314 people), General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (4,195 people), and Construction (4,074 people), and the highest paying industries are Electric power generation, transmission & distribution ($189,579), Offices of physicians ($136,166), and Professional & commercial equipment & supplies merchant wholesalers ($133,503).

Males in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA have an average income that is 1.44 times higher than the average income of females, which is $61,290. The income inequality in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.464, which is lower than than the national average.

Workforce Diversity

Measure
RACE/ETHNICITY
31,153
Women
48.6%
32,919
Men
51.4%

The workforce of Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA in 2020 was 64,072 people, with 48.6% woman, and 51.4% men.

The visualization shows the distribution of the workforce by gender and age in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA.

With the upper buttons you can see the distribution of the average salary and add a filter by race.

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Occupations

68.3k
2022 Value
1.5%
1 Year growth
± 1.5%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA grew at a rate of 1.5%, from 67.3k employees to 68.3k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA, are Registered nurses (2,160 people), Other managers (1,848 people), and Elementary & middle school teachers (1,677 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Pennsylvania (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

68.3k
2022 Value
1.5%
1 Year growth
± 1.5%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA grew at a rate of 1.5%, from 67.3k employees to 68.3k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA, are Elementary & secondary schools (4,314 people), General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (4,195 people), and Construction (4,074 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA, though some of these residents may live in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$59,998
Median earning men ± $1,871
$38,571
Median earning women ± $2,226

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($86,419), Information ($76,055), and Wholesale Trade ($73,145).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($59,727), Public Administration ($58,378), and Manufacturing ($56,066).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.
Y-Axis
2.78%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 6.03M people employed in Pennsylvania. This represents a 2.78% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 18.1%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Pennsylvania.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Pennsylvania went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 50% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (48.8%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.15%).

Bob Casey Jr. and John Fetterman are the senators currently representing the state of Pennsylvania. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Pennsylvania is currently represented by 17 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Pennsylvania

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.
Bob Casey Jr.
Senator from Pennsylvania1
Assumed office on January 3, 2007
John Fetterman
Senator from Pennsylvania3
Assumed office on January 3, 2023

Bob Casey Jr. and John Fetterman are the senators currently representing Pennsylvania.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Pennsylvania over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania is currently represented by 17 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Pennsylvania have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA awarded 2,324 degrees. The student population of Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 3,684 male students and 5,240 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA are White (1,670 and 72.8%), followed by Black or African American (236 and 10.3%), Hispanic or Latino (214 and 9.32%), and Asian (67 and 2.92%).

The largest universities in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA by number of degrees awarded are Millersville University of Pennsylvania (1,782 and 76.7%), Lancaster Bible College (512 and 22%), and Empire Beauty School-Lancaster (30 and 1.29%).

The most popular majors in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA are Biblical Studies (168 and 7.23%), Social Work (168 and 7.23%), and Nursing School (152 and 6.54%).

The median tuition costs in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA are $27,760 for private four year colleges, and $9,570 and $19,290 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA, the percentage of applicants admitted was 92.7%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 21.8%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 8,924 (41.3% men and 58.7% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 8,924 students enrolled in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA, 41.3% men and 58.7% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 6,302 records, of which 59.3% were women and 40.7% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 152 degrees awarded
  2. 143 degrees awarded
  3. 125 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA was Nursing School with 152 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 1,782 degrees awarded
  2. 512 degrees awarded
  3. 30 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Millersville University of Pennsylvania with 1,782 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 885 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA, which is 0.615 times less than the 1,439 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 1,670 degrees mean that there were 7.08 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 236 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($27,760) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($2,692) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($1,000) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Measure

In 2022, 0.753% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 1.02% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population of Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (36k), Bachelors Degree (25.3k), and Some college (17.7k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA was $273,200 in 2022, which is 0.969 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $236,400 to $273,200, a 15.6% increase. The homeownership rate in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA is 74.7%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA have an average commute time of 23.6 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA is $88,291. In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA was Chester County (West)--Phoenixville Borough PUMA, PA with a value of $137,038, followed by Bucks County (Northern Central) PUMA, PA and Montgomery County (Southern Lower)--King of Prussia PUMA, PA, with respective values of $136,870 and $130,374.

Property

$273,200
Median Property Value 2022
±$4,175
$41,696
Median Property Taxes
±$1,536

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

74.7%
Homeownership
2022
65.4%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 74.7% of the housing units in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 74.5%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity

In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA was Chester County (West)--Phoenixville Borough PUMA, PA with a value of $137,038, followed by Bucks County (Northern Central) PUMA, PA and Montgomery County (Southern Lower)--King of Prussia PUMA, PA, with respective values of $136,870 and $130,374.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$88,291
Median Household Income
± $2,349
55.8k
Number of Households
± 1,978

In 2022, the median household income of the 55.8k households in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA grew to $88,291 from the previous year's value of $80,469.

The following chart displays the households in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

0.464
2022 Wage GINI in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA
0.451
2021 Wage GINI in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA

In 2022, the income inequality in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA was 0.464 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 2.87% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (79.3%)
  2. Worked At Home (10.6%)
  3. Carpooled (6.53%)

In 2022, 79.3% of workers in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (10.6%) and those who carpooled to work (6.53%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

23.6 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA have a shorter commute time (23.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.09% of the workforce in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

7.04% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA (9.53k out of 135k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 75+ and then Males 18 - 24.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

94.7% of the population of Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA has health coverage, with 54% on employee plans, 9.87% on Medicaid, 16.1% on Medicare, 13.7% on non-group plans, and 1% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Pennsylvania see 1222 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.05% decrease from the previous year (1235 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1406 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 421 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.
1,222 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Pennsylvania

Primary care physicians in Pennsylvania see an average of 1,222 patients per year. This represents a 1.05% decrease from the previous year (1,235 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Pennsylvania in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 21.5% under 18 years, 19.2% between 18 and 34 years, 38.3% between 35 and 64 years, and 21% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.3% were men and 51.7% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

5.26%
Uninsured
54%
Employer Coverage
9.87%
Medicaid
16.1%
Medicare
13.7%
Non-Group
1%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA declined by 9.56% from 5.82% to 5.26%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Lancaster County (Southwest)--Columbia Borough PUMA, PA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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