Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2022 Population
179,578
0.263% 1-year decline
US Senator
Alex Padilla
Democratic Party
US Senator
Laphonza Butler
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
32.6
0.308% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
21.1%
0.0524% 1-year increase
2022 Median Household Income
$53,847
9.72% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$256,000
16.5% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
57,045
3.93% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA had a population of 180k people with a median age of 32.6 and a median household income of $53,847. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA declined from 180,051 to 179,578, a −0.263% decrease and its median household income grew from $49,078 to $53,847, a 9.72% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA are Other (Hispanic) (34.8%), White (Hispanic) (29.9%), Two+ (Hispanic) (19.5%), White (Non-Hispanic) (9.57%), and Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (2.27%).

74.5% of the households in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

85.5% of the residents in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA are Imperial Valley College (115861) (2,614 degrees awarded in 2022) and CET-El Centro (175 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA was $256,000, and the homeownership rate was 57.7%.

Most people in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 22.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA is home to a population of 180k people, from which 85.5% are citizens. As of 2022, 30.5% of Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA residents were born outside of the country (54.9k people).

In 2022, there were 1.16 times more Other (Hispanic) residents (62.5k people) in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 53.7k White (Hispanic) and 35k Two+ (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA are Spanish (121,530 households), Korean (563 households), and Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (258 households).

Residents by Gender and Age

RACE/ETHNICITY
87,053
Women
48.5%
92,586
Men
51.5%

The resident population of United States in 2022 was 179,639 inhabitants, with 51.5% men, and 48.5% women.

The visualization shows the distribution of the residents by gender and age in the United States.

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Citizenship

85.5%
2022 Citizenship
85.3%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 85.5% of Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA was 85.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA
  1. Other (Hispanic)
    62.5k ± 3.36k
  2. White (Hispanic)
    53.7k ± 3.44k
  3. Two+ (Hispanic)
    35k ± 2.96k
85.4%
Hispanic Population
153k people

In 2022, there were 1.16 times more Other (Hispanic) residents (62.5k people) in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 53.7k White (Hispanic) and 35k Two+ (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

85.4% of the people in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA are hispanic (153k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    49,822 ± 4,659 people
  2. El Salvador
    515 ± 556 people
  3. Korea
    358 ± 464 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA was Mexico, the natal country of 49,822 Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA residents, followed by El Salvador with 515 and Korea with 358.

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Foreign-Born Population

30.5%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
54.9k people
29.9%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
53.9k people

As of 2022, 30.5% of Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA residents (54.9k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA was 29.9%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    121,530 households (73.1%)
  2. Korean
    563 households (0.339%)
  3. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)
    258 households (0.155%)

74.5% of the households in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is higher than the national average of 21.7%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2022, the most common non-English language spoken in households in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA was Spanish. 73.1% of the households in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Gulf War (2001-)
    1,638 ± 452
  2. Vietnam
    1,155 ± 299
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    856 ± 278

Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.42 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA employs 57k people. The largest industries in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA are Elementary & secondary schools (4,064 people), Farming (3,906 people), and Justice, public order, & safety activities (3,645 people), and the highest paying industries are Computer Systems Design ($112,979), Architectural, engineering & related services ($109,526), and National security & international affairs ($93,815).

Males in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA have an average income that is 1.19 times higher than the average income of females, which is $50,092. The income inequality in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.449, which is lower than than the national average.

Workforce Diversity

Measure
RACE/ETHNICITY
26,283
Women
47.4%
29,196
Men
52.6%

The workforce of Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA in 2020 was 55,479 people, with 47.4% woman, and 52.6% men.

The visualization shows the distribution of the workforce by gender and age in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA.

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Occupations

57k
2022 Value
3.93%
1 Year growth
± 3.93%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA grew at a rate of 3.93%, from 54.9k employees to 57k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA, are Personal care aides (3,491 people), Miscellaneous agricultural workers, including animal breeders (2,806 people), and Cashiers (2,217 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in California (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

57k
2022 Value
3.93%
1 Year growth
± 3.93%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA grew at a rate of 3.93%, from 54.9k employees to 57k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA, are Elementary & secondary schools (4,064 people), Farming (3,906 people), and Justice, public order, & safety activities (3,645 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA, though some of these residents may live in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$42,375
Median earning men ± $2,496
$27,273
Median earning women ± $1,962

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Public Administration ($92,268), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($65,104), and Educational Services, & Health Care & Social Assistance ($47,325).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Public Administration ($53,472), Construction ($41,771), and Information ($41,172).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Arizona.
Y-Axis
2.3%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 3.15M people employed in Arizona. This represents a 2.3% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 9.21%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Arizona.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in California went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 63.5% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (34.3%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.07%).

Alex Padilla and Laphonza Butler are the senators currently representing the state of California. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

California is currently represented by 52 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from California

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for California.
Alex Padilla
Senator from California3
Assumed office on January 20, 2021
Appointed to the seat following the resignation of Kamala Harris, who had become Vice President of the United States.
Laphonza Butler
Senator from California1
Assumed office on October 3, 2023
Appointed to the seat following the death of Dianne Feinstein.

Alex Padilla and Laphonza Butler are the senators currently representing California.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in California over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from California

California is currently represented by 52 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for California have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA awarded 2,789 degrees. The student population of Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 3,490 male students and 4,405 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA are Hispanic or Latino (2,572 and 92.4%), followed by White (115 and 4.13%), Unknown (46 and 1.65%), and Black or African American (26 and 0.934%).

The largest universities in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA by number of degrees awarded are Imperial Valley College (115861) (2,614 and 93.7%) and CET-El Centro (175 and 6.27%).

The most popular majors in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA are Liberal Arts & Sciences (829 and 29.7%), Biological & Physical Sciences (299 and 10.7%), and Criminal Justice - Law Enforcement Administration (195 and 6.99%).

Enrollments by Gender and Races

In 2022 there were 7,895 students enrolled in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA, 44.2% men and 55.8% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in Hispanic or Latino with 7,212 records, of which 56.9% were women and 43.1% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 170 degrees awarded
  2. 299 degrees awarded
  3. 237 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA was Criminal Justice - Law Enforcement Administration with 170 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 2,614 degrees awarded
  2. 175 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Imperial Valley College (115861) with 2,614 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

In 2022, 1,190 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA, which is 0.744 times less than the 1,599 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was Hispanic or Latino students. These 2,572 degrees mean that there were 22.4 times more degrees awarded to Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 115 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Public, 2-year ($1,104) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($22) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($1,125) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Measure

In 2022, 2.02% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 2.35% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population of Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA in 2022 were Some college (34k), High School or Equivalent (33.9k), and Secondary Education (33k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA was $256,000 in 2022, which is 0.908 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $219,800 to $256,000, a 16.5% increase. The homeownership rate in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA is 57.7%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA have an average commute time of 22.7 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA is $53,847. In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA was Santa Clara County (Southwest)--Cupertino, Saratoga Cities & Los Gatos Town PUMA, CA with a value of $222,873, followed by Santa Clara County (Northwest)--Palo Alto City & Los Altos Hills Town PUMA, CA and Contra Costa County (South)--San Ramon City & Danville Town PUMA, CA, with respective values of $206,924 and $199,849.

Property

$256,000
Median Property Value 2022
±$7,742
$27,122
Median Property Taxes
±$1,390

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

57.7%
Homeownership
2022
67%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 57.7% of the housing units in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 58%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity

In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA was Santa Clara County (Southwest)--Cupertino, Saratoga Cities & Los Gatos Town PUMA, CA with a value of $222,873, followed by Santa Clara County (Northwest)--Palo Alto City & Los Altos Hills Town PUMA, CA and Contra Costa County (South)--San Ramon City & Danville Town PUMA, CA, with respective values of $206,924 and $199,849.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$53,847
Median Household Income
± $2,214
47k
Number of Households
± 1,927

In 2022, the median household income of the 47k households in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA grew to $53,847 from the previous year's value of $49,078.

The following chart displays the households in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

0.449
2022 Wage GINI in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA
0.434
2021 Wage GINI in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA

In 2022, the income inequality in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA was 0.449 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 3.46% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (79.6%)
  2. Carpooled (8.72%)
  3. Worked At Home (5.89%)

In 2022, 79.6% of workers in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (8.72%) and those who worked at home (5.89%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

22.7 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA have a shorter commute time (22.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 3.52% of the workforce in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

21.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA (36.1k out of 171k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 6 - 11, followed by Males < 5 and then Females 25 - 34.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA is Hispanic, followed by White and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

93.2% of the population of Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA has health coverage, with 32.2% on employee plans, 44.6% on Medicaid, 7.43% on Medicare, 7.79% on non-group plans, and 1.15% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in California see 1240 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.12% decrease from the previous year (1254 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1132 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 244 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.
1,240 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in California

Primary care physicians in California see an average of 1,240 patients per year. This represents a 1.12% decrease from the previous year (1,254 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in California in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 31.6% under 18 years, 21.7% between 18 and 34 years, 33% between 35 and 64 years, and 13.7% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 49.5% were men and 50.5% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

6.83%
Uninsured
32.2%
Employer Coverage
44.6%
Medicaid
7.43%
Medicare
7.79%
Non-Group
1.15%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA grew by 3.51% from 6.6% to 6.83%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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