Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2022 Population
107,600
2.88% 1-year decline
US Senator
John Cornyn
Republican Party
US Senator
Ted Cruz
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
31.8
1.6% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
17.1%
4.18% 1-year increase
2022 Median Household Income
$61,546
6.54% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$176,400
16.5% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX had a population of 108k people with a median age of 31.8 and a median household income of $61,546. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX declined from 110,795 to 107,600, a −2.88% decrease and its median household income grew from $57,767 to $61,546, a 6.54% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX are White (Hispanic) (35.1%), Two+ (Hispanic) (29.3%), Other (Hispanic) (11.5%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (9.58%), and White (Non-Hispanic) (7.42%).

68.6% of the households in Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

81.2% of the residents in Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX are U.S. citizens.

In 2022, the median property value in Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX was $176,400, and the homeownership rate was 52%.

Most people in Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 27.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX is home to a population of 108k people, from which 81.2% are citizens. As of 2022, 30.8% of Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX residents were born outside of the country (33.2k people).

In 2022, there were 1.2 times more White (Hispanic) residents (37.8k people) in Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 31.5k Two+ (Hispanic) and 12.3k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX are Spanish (63,479 households), Vietnamese (3,506 households), and Swahili or Other Languages of Central, Eastern, & Southern Africa (211 households).

Citizenship

81.2%
2022 Citizenship
80.6%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 81.2% of Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX was 80.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX
  1. White (Hispanic)
    37.8k ± 3.3k
  2. Two+ (Hispanic)
    31.5k ± 4k
  3. Other (Hispanic)
    12.3k ± 2.08k
77.1%
Hispanic Population
83k people

In 2022, there were 1.2 times more White (Hispanic) residents (37.8k people) in Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 31.5k Two+ (Hispanic) and 12.3k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

77.1% of the people in Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX are hispanic (83k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX as a share of the total population.

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Foreign-Born Population

30.8%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
33.2k people
30.9%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
34.2k people

As of 2022, 30.8% of Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX residents (33.2k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX was 30.9%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    63,479 households (63.7%)
  2. Vietnamese
    3,506 households (3.52%)
  3. Swahili or Other Languages of Central, Eastern, & Southern Africa
    211 households (0.212%)

68.6% of the households in Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is higher than the national average of 21.7%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2022, the most common non-English language spoken in households in Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX was Spanish. 63.7% of the households in Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    839 ± 288
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    558 ± 203
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    426 ± 181

Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.5 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX employs 46.6k people. The largest industries in Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX are Construction (8,356 people), Restaurants & Food Services (4,202 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (2,313 people), and the highest paying industries are Accounting, tax preparation, bookkeeping & payroll services ($98,602), Management, scientific & technical consulting services ($91,097), and Waste management & remediation services ($86,775).

Workforce Diversity

Measure
RACE/ETHNICITY
21,715
Women
43.4%
28,366
Men
56.6%

The workforce of Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX in 2020 was 50,081 people, with 43.4% woman, and 56.6% men.

The visualization shows the distribution of the workforce by gender and age in Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX.

With the upper buttons you can see the distribution of the average salary and add a filter by race.

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Occupations

46.6k
2022 Value
−3.56%
1 Year decline
± −3.56%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX declined at a rate of −3.56%, from 48.3k employees to 46.6k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX, are Cashiers (2,203 people), Construction laborers (2,068 people), and Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (1,754 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Texas (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

46.6k
2022 Value
−3.56%
1 Year decline
± −3.56%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX declined at a rate of −3.56%, from 48.3k employees to 46.6k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX, are Construction (8,356 people), Restaurants & Food Services (4,202 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (2,313 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX, though some of these residents may live in Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$42,106
Median earning men ± $2,988
$28,068
Median earning women ± $1,920

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Public Administration ($73,016), Information ($72,679), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($61,112).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Public Administration ($43,240), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($43,038), and Manufacturing ($42,156).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
Y-Axis
4.59%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 13.8M people employed in Texas. This represents a 4.59% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 9.63%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Texas.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Texas went to Donald J. Trump with 52.1% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (46.5%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.12%).

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing the state of Texas. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Texas is currently represented by 38 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Texas

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
John Cornyn
Senator from Texas2
Assumed office on December 2, 2002
Phil Gramm resigned (effective November 30, 2002) a few weeks before the expiration of his term in hopes that his successor, fellow Republican John Cornyn, could gain seniority over other newly elected senators. However, Cornyn did not gain additional seniority due to a 1980 Rules Committee policy.
Ted Cruz
Senator from Texas1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing Texas.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Texas over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Texas

Texas is currently represented by 38 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Texas have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Educational Pyramid

Measure

In 2022, 2.41% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 2.6% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population of Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (23k), Secondary Education (19.9k), and Primary Education (19.2k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX was $176,400 in 2022, which is 0.626 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $151,400 to $176,400, a 16.5% increase. The homeownership rate in Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX is 52%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX have an average commute time of 27.9 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX is $61,546. In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX was Fort Bend County (Northwest) PUMA, TX with a value of $159,431, followed by Denton County (South Central)--Flower Mound Town & Highland Village City PUMA, TX and Collin County (Northwest)--Celina City & Prosper Town PUMA, TX, with respective values of $157,973 and $153,785.

Property

$176,400
Median Property Value 2022
±$6,607
$17,671
Median Property Taxes
±$1,276

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

52%
Homeownership
2022
69.9%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 52% of the housing units in Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 51.7%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity

In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX was Fort Bend County (Northwest) PUMA, TX with a value of $159,431, followed by Denton County (South Central)--Flower Mound Town & Highland Village City PUMA, TX and Collin County (Northwest)--Celina City & Prosper Town PUMA, TX, with respective values of $157,973 and $153,785.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$61,546
Median Household Income
± $3,203
34k
Number of Households
± 1,842

In 2022, the median household income of the 34k households in Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX grew to $61,546 from the previous year's value of $57,767.

The following chart displays the households in Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

0.387
2022 Wage GINI in Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX
0.388
2021 Wage GINI in Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX

In 2022, the income inequality in Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX was 0.387 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.469% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (75%)
  2. Carpooled (17%)
  3. Worked At Home (5.24%)

In 2022, 75% of workers in Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (17%) and those who worked at home (5.24%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

27.9 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX have a longer commute time (27.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.16% of the workforce in Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

17.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX (18.4k out of 107k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 6 - 11 and then Females 18 - 24.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX is Hispanic, followed by White and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

69% of the population of Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX has health coverage, with 34.2% on employee plans, 20.3% on Medicaid, 6.26% on Medicare, 7.31% on non-group plans, and 0.954% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Texas see 1629 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.792% decrease from the previous year (1642 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1660 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 759 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
1,629 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Texas

Primary care physicians in Texas see an average of 1,629 patients per year. This represents a 0.792% decrease from the previous year (1,642 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Texas in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 32% under 18 years, 23.3% between 18 and 34 years, 36.4% between 35 and 64 years, and 8.25% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.2% were men and 51.8% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

31%
Uninsured
34.2%
Employer Coverage
20.3%
Medicaid
6.26%
Medicare
7.31%
Non-Group
0.954%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX declined by 1.76% from 31.5% to 31%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Houston (Southeast) & South Houston Cities--Inside Beltway TX-8 PUMA, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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