Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2022 Population
102,801
US Senator
Bob Menendez
Democratic Party
US Senator
Cory Booker
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
35.2
N/A 1-year N/A
2022 Poverty Rate
19.5%
N/A 1-year N/A
2022 Median Household Income
$56,948
2022 Median Property Value
$289,000

About

In 2022, Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ had a population of 103k people with a median age of 35.2 and a median household income of $56,948.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ are Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (72.1%), Other (Hispanic) (10.3%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (4.14%), White (Non-Hispanic) (3.12%), and White (Hispanic) (3%).

30.5% of the households in Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

86% of the residents in Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ are National Career Institute (115 degrees awarded in 2022) and Best Care College (93 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ was $289,000, and the homeownership rate was 26.1%.

Most people in Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 32.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ was 1 car per household.

Population & Diversity

Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ is home to a population of 103k people, from which 86% are citizens. As of 2022, 33% of Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ residents were born outside of the country (33.9k people).

In 2022, there were 7.01 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (74.1k people) in Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ than any other race or ethnicity. There were 10.6k Other (Hispanic) and 4.25k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ are Spanish (13,967 households), Haitian (6,805 households), and Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or Other Languages of Western Africa (3,062 households).

Citizenship

86%
2022 Citizenship

As of 2022, 86% of Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.5%.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ
  1. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    74.1k ± 2.1k
  2. Other (Hispanic)
    10.6k ± 1.87k
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    4.25k ± 1.1k
17.8%
Hispanic Population
18.3k people

In 2022, there were 7.01 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (74.1k people) in Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ than any other race or ethnicity. There were 10.6k Other (Hispanic) and 4.25k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

17.8% of the people in Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ are hispanic (18.3k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ as a share of the total population.

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Foreign-Born Population

33%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
33.9k people

As of 2022, 33% of Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ residents (33.9k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.6%.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    13,967 households (14.7%)
  2. Haitian
    6,805 households (7.14%)
  3. Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or Other Languages of Western Africa
    3,062 households (3.21%)

30.5% of the households in Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is higher than the national average of 21.7%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2022, the most common non-English language spoken in households in Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ was Spanish. 14.7% of the households in Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Gulf War (2001-)
    649 ± 246
  2. Vietnam
    494 ± 138
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    449 ± 188

Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.31 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ employs N/A people. The largest industries in Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ are Elementary & secondary schools (2,951 people), General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (2,660 people), and Construction (2,165 people), and the highest paying industries are Periodical, book, & directory publishers ($339,451), Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($242,635), and Agencies, brokerages, and other insurance related activities ($228,934).

Workforce Diversity

Measure
RACE/ETHNICITY
N/A
Women
N/A%
N/A
Men
N/A%

The workforce of Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ in 2020 was N/A people, with N/A% woman, and N/A% men.

The visualization shows the distribution of the workforce by gender and age in Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ.

With the upper buttons you can see the distribution of the average salary and add a filter by race.

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Occupations

N/A
N/A Value

In N/A, there were N/A employees (± N/A) in Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (1,580 people), Nursing assistants (1,470 people), and Laborers & freight, stock, & material movers, hand (1,311 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in New Jersey (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

N/A
N/A Value

In N/A, there were N/A employees (± N/A) in Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ, are Elementary & secondary schools (2,951 people), General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (2,660 people), and Construction (2,165 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ, though some of these residents may live in Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$42,398
Median earning men ± $2,299
$37,629
Median earning women ± $1,802

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Public Administration ($72,931), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($64,694), and Manufacturing ($59,205).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Construction ($66,607), Public Administration ($59,629), and Information ($58,333).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Jersey.
Y-Axis
2.27%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 4.24M people employed in New Jersey. This represents a 2.27% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 16.5%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in New Jersey.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in New Jersey went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 57.3% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (41.4%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (0.696%).

Bob Menendez and Cory Booker are the senators currently representing the state of New Jersey. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

New Jersey is currently represented by 12 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from New Jersey

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for New Jersey.
Bob Menendez
Senator from New Jersey1
Assumed office on January 17, 2006
Appointed to the seat following the resignation of Jon Corzine, who was elected Governor of New Jersey.
Cory Booker
Senator from New Jersey2
Assumed office on October 31, 2013
Elected to the seat to succeed Jeffrey Chiesa, who had been appointed to the seat following the death of Frank Lautenberg.

Bob Menendez and Cory Booker are the senators currently representing New Jersey.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in New Jersey over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from New Jersey

New Jersey is currently represented by 12 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for New Jersey have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ awarded 208 degrees. The student population of Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 71 male students and 73 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ are Black or African American (172 and 83.1%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (21 and 10.1%), White (12 and 5.8%), and Asian (2 and 0.966%).

The largest universities in Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ by number of degrees awarded are National Career Institute (115 and 55.3%) and Best Care College (93 and 44.7%).

The most popular majors in Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ are Electrician (65 and 31.3%), Licensed Practical & Vocational Nurse Training (28 and 13.5%), and HVAC Maintenance (25 and 12%).

Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Educational Pyramid

Measure

In 2022, 1.25% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 1.45% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population of Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (25k), Some college (17.7k), and Bachelors Degree (14.5k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ was $289,000 in 2022, which is 1.03 times larger than the national average of $281,900. Between N/A and 2022 the median property value increased from N/A to $289,000, a N/A N/A. The homeownership rate in Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ is 26.1%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ have an average commute time of 32.7 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ is lower than the national average, with an average of 1 car per household.

Median household income in Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ is $56,948. In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ was Bergen County (Central)--Ridgewood Village, Glen Rock & Westwood PUMA, NJ with a value of $183,624, followed by Somerset County (North & West) PUMA, NJ and Essex County (Southwest)--West Orange & Livingston PUMA, NJ, with respective values of $170,196 and $163,601.

Property

$289,000
Median Property Value 2022
±$10,035
$10,129
Median Property Taxes
±$787

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

26.1%
Homeownership
2022
60.5%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 26.1% of the housing units in Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ were occupied by their owner.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity

In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ was Bergen County (Central)--Ridgewood Village, Glen Rock & Westwood PUMA, NJ with a value of $183,624, followed by Somerset County (North & West) PUMA, NJ and Essex County (Southwest)--West Orange & Livingston PUMA, NJ, with respective values of $170,196 and $163,601.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$56,948
Median Household Income
± $2,506
38.8k
Number of Households
± 1,789

In 2022, the median household income of the 38.8k households in Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ was $56,948.

The following chart displays the households in Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

0.483
2022 Wage GINI in Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ
1
N/A Wage GINI in Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ

In 2022, the income inequality in Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ was 0.483 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 51.7% decline from N/A to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ was higher than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (56.7%)
  2. Public Transit (20.2%)
  3. Carpooled (7.64%)

In 2022, 56.7% of workers in Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ drove alone to work, followed by those who used public transit to get to work (20.2%) and those who carpooled to work (7.64%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

32.7 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ have a longer commute time (32.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 4.9% of the workforce in Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

1 car
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ have 1 car.

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Poverty & Diversity

19.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ (19.7k out of 101k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females 65 - 74.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ is Black, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

85.1% of the population of Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ has health coverage, with 36.8% on employee plans, 30.8% on Medicaid, 9.15% on Medicare, 7.61% on non-group plans, and 0.802% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in New Jersey see 1171 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.679% decrease from the previous year (1179 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1139 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 383 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Jersey.
1,171 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in New Jersey

Primary care physicians in New Jersey see an average of 1,171 patients per year. This represents a 0.679% decrease from the previous year (1,179 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in New Jersey in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 26.1% under 18 years, 24% between 18 and 34 years, 36.7% between 35 and 64 years, and 13.2% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 43.9% were men and 56.1% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

14.9%
Uninsured
36.8%
Employer Coverage
30.8%
Medicaid
9.15%
Medicare
7.61%
Non-Group
0.802%
Military or VA

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Essex County (Central)--Orange & East Orange PUMA, NJ changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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