Columbia County, FL

County

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2022 Population
69,832
0.819% 1-year growth
US Senator
Marco Rubio
Republican Party
US Senator
Rick Scott
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
40.7
0.993% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
15.7%
9.26% 1-year increase
2022 Median Household Income
$53,501
12% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$165,300
9.18% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
27,450
2.51% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Columbia County, FL had a population of 69.8k people with a median age of 40.7 and a median household income of $53,501. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Columbia County, FL grew from 69,265 to 69,832, a 0.819% increase and its median household income grew from $47,750 to $53,501, a 12% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Columbia County, FL are White (Non-Hispanic) (71.4%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (16.6%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (3.42%), Two+ (Hispanic) (2.48%), and White (Hispanic) (2.3%).

None of the households in Columbia County, FL reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

98% of the residents in Columbia County, FL are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Columbia County, FL are Florida Gateway College (970 degrees awarded in 2022).

In 2022, the median property value in Columbia County, FL was $165,300, and the homeownership rate was 71.4%.

Most people in Columbia County, FL drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 25.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Columbia County, FL was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Columbia County, FL is home to a population of 69.8k people, from which 98% are citizens. As of 2022, 3.79% of Columbia County, FL residents were born outside of the country (2.65k people).

In 2022, there were 4.3 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (49.9k people) in Columbia County, FL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 11.6k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 2.39k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

98%
2022 Citizenship
97.9%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 98% of Columbia County, FL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Columbia County, FL was 97.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Columbia County, FL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Columbia County, FL
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    49.9k ± 260
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    11.6k ± 473
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    2.39k ± 611
6.77%
Hispanic Population
4.73k people

In 2022, there were 4.3 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (49.9k people) in Columbia County, FL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 11.6k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 2.39k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

6.77% of the people in Columbia County, FL are hispanic (4.73k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Columbia County, FL as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Florida.
Most Common Origin
  1. Cuba
    1,003,261 ± 24,014 people
  2. Haiti
    344,713 ± 14,299 people
  3. Colombia
    299,067 ± 13,333 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Florida was Cuba, the natal country of 1,003,261 Florida residents, followed by Haiti with 344,713 and Colombia with 299,067.

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Foreign-Born Population

3.79%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
2.65k people
3.94%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
2.73k people

As of 2022, 3.79% of Columbia County, FL residents (2.65k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Columbia County, FL was 3.94%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Columbia County, FL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    2,304 ± 274
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    1,238 ± 321
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,113 ± 248

Columbia County, FL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.86 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Columbia County, FL employs 27.5k people. The largest industries in Columbia County, FL are Health Care & Social Assistance (4,872 people), Retail Trade (3,777 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (2,853 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($68,784), Wholesale Trade ($65,250), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($59,600).

Males in Florida have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $56,054. The income inequality in Florida (measured using the Gini index) is 0.474, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

27.5k
2022 Value
± 1,383
2.51%
1 Year growth
± 7.05%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Columbia County, FL grew at a rate of 2.51%, from 26.8k employees to 27.5k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Columbia County, FL, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,087 people), Sales & Related Occupations (2,950 people), and Management Occupations (2,598 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Columbia County, FL.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Florida (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

27.5k
2022 Value
± 1,383
2.51%
1 Year growth
± 7.05%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Columbia County, FL grew at a rate of 2.51%, from 26.8k employees to 27.5k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Columbia County, FL, are Health Care & Social Assistance (4,872 people), Retail Trade (3,777 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (2,853 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Columbia County, FL, though some of these residents may live in Columbia County, FL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$42,884
Median earning men ± $2,468
$32,507
Median earning women ± $2,327

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Information ($91,964), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($71,613), and Wholesale Trade ($67,250).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Public Administration ($48,138), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($45,400), and Manufacturing ($43,992).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.
Y-Axis
4.23%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 9.69M people employed in Florida. This represents a 4.23% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 12.6%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Florida.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 655
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 324
    Retail Trade
  3. 289
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Columbia County, FL went to Donald J. Trump with 72.1% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (27%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (0.678%).

Marco Rubio and Rick Scott are the senators currently representing the state of Florida. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Florida is currently represented by 28 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Florida

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.
Marco Rubio
Senator from Florida3
Assumed office on January 3, 2011
Rick Scott
Senator from Florida1
Assumed office on January 8, 2019
Inauguration delayed in order to finish his term as Governor of Florida.

Marco Rubio and Rick Scott are the senators currently representing Florida.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Florida over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Florida

Florida is currently represented by 28 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Florida have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Columbia County, FL awarded 970 degrees. The student population of Columbia County, FL in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 881 male students and 1,825 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Columbia County, FL are White (704 and 72.9%), followed by Black or African American (170 and 17.6%), Hispanic or Latino (64 and 6.63%), and Two or More Races (13 and 1.35%).

The largest universities in Columbia County, FL by number of degrees awarded are Florida Gateway College (970 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Columbia County, FL are Liberal Arts & Sciences (308 and 31.8%), Registered Nursing (95 and 9.79%), and Fire Science & Fire-Fighting (39 and 4.02%).

The median tuition cost in Columbia County, FL for a public four year colleges is $2,369 for in-state students and $9,473 for out-of-state students.

Enrollments by Gender and Races

In 2022 there were 2,706 students enrolled in Columbia County, FL, 32.6% men and 67.4% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 1,974 records, of which 66.5% were women and 33.5% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 308 degrees awarded
  2. 69 degrees awarded
  3. 21 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Columbia County, FL was Liberal Arts & Sciences with 308 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Columbia County, FL according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
970 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Florida Gateway College with 970 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

In 2022, 393 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Columbia County, FL, which is 0.681 times less than the 577 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 704 degrees mean that there were 4.14 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 170 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Public, 4-year or above ($2,369) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($731) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,271) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.
Measure

In 2022, 1.19% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 1.2% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (4.97M), Some college (3.58M), and Bachelors Degree (3.32M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Columbia County, FL was $165,300 in 2022, which is 0.586 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $151,400 to $165,300, a 9.18% increase. The homeownership rate in Columbia County, FL is 71.4%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Columbia County, FL have an average commute time of 25.3 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Columbia County, FL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Columbia County, FL is $53,501. In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Columbia County, FL was Census Tract 1106.02 with a value of $75,577, followed by Census Tract 1107 and Census Tract 1102.01, with respective values of $67,169 and $61,054.

In 2022, 14.5% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Columbia County, FL. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 3.71%.

Property

$165,300
Median Property Value 2022
±$8,392
$18,850
Median Property Taxes
±$1,095

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Columbia County, FL the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Columbia County, FL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

71.4%
Homeownership
2022
68.5%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 71.4% of the housing units in Columbia County, FL were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 71.7%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Columbia County, FL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 1106.02
  2. Census Tract 1107
  3. Census Tract 1102.01

In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Columbia County, FL was Census Tract 1106.02 with a value of $75,577, followed by Census Tract 1107 and Census Tract 1102.01, with respective values of $67,169 and $61,054.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Columbia County, FL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$53,501
Median Household Income
± $3,291
26.4k
Number of Households
± 1,307

In 2022, the median household income of the 26.4k households in Columbia County, FL grew to $53,501 from the previous year's value of $47,750.

The following chart displays the households in Columbia County, FL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Columbia County, FL is from Florida.
0.474
2022 Wage GINI in Florida
0.473
2021 Wage GINI in Florida

In 2022, the income inequality in Florida was 0.474 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.285% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Florida was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Florida in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Florida across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (77.6%)
  2. Carpooled (13.4%)
  3. Worked At Home (6.33%)

In 2022, 77.6% of workers in Columbia County, FL drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (13.4%) and those who worked at home (6.33%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

25.3 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Columbia County, FL have a shorter commute time (25.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.74% of the workforce in Columbia County, FL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Columbia County, FL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Columbia County, FL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Columbia County, FL have 2 cars.

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Severe Housing Problems

In 2022, 14.5% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Columbia County, FL. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 3.71%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the population living with severe housing problems.

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Poverty & Diversity

15.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Columbia County, FL (10.2k out of 65k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 35 - 44, followed by Males 45 - 54 and then Females 55 - 64.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Columbia County, FL is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Children in Poverty

In 2022, 22.8% of the children was living in poverty in Columbia County, FL. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 10.9%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the children living in poverty.

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Crimes & Accidents

Indicator

In 2022, the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population was 571 in Columbia County, FL. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator grew 10.3 per 100,000 population.

The graph shows the trend in the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population.

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Health

86.8% of the population of Columbia County, FL has health coverage, with 34.2% on employee plans, 20.2% on Medicaid, 12% on Medicare, 16.3% on non-group plans, and 4% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Columbia County, FL see 2312 patients per year on average, which represents a 8.24% increase from the previous year (2136 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1730 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 397 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 47.8% were men and 52.2% were women.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,312 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Columbia County, FL

Primary care physicians in Columbia County, FL see an average of 2,312 patients per year. This represents a 8.24% increase from the previous year (2,136 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Columbia County, FL in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 24.7% under 18 years, 17.2% between 18 and 34 years, 38.2% between 35 and 64 years, and 20% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 47.8% were men and 52.2% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

13.2%
Uninsured
34.2%
Employer Coverage
20.2%
Medicaid
12%
Medicare
16.3%
Non-Group
4%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Columbia County, FL declined by 6.28% from 14% to 13.2%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Columbia County, FL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2022, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was 90.9 in Columbia County, FL.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Columbia County, FL.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 36.3% in Columbia County, FL.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Columbia County, FL.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 14.2% in Columbia County, FL.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Columbia County, FL.

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